The major mission of Veterinary Service is to improve animal health service delivery for disease prevention, diagnostic, response/control measures and veterinary public health. During the year, the animal health status was as follows:
Rwanda is free from Rinderpest (Clinically and Infection);
No single clinical case of Foot and Mouth disease (FMD) and Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) were registered ;
Some cases of Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) were registered in Gakenke, Rulindo, Kamonyi, Nyanza and Western Province Districts; mass vaccination in combination with restriction of animal movement in affected areas were carried out to tackle the spread of the disease;
Prevalence of Tick-born disease (TBD), especially, East Coast Fever (ECF) was 13% ;
ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROL
Animal diseases control was carried out through mass vaccination of animals against economically important and zoonotic animal diseases: Foot and Mouth Diseaese, Lumpy Skin Disease, Black Quarter/Anthrax, Brucellosis, Rift Valley Fever and Rabies. A total of 332,450 cows were vaccinated against Black Quarter and Anthrax; 328,550 cows vaccinated against LSD; 76,800 cows received a boosting dose of vaccine against ECF in Eastern Province and Gishwati plus 3250 cows vaccinated against RVF in the affected zone, i.e. alongside Nyabarongo and Akagera rivers.
This desk deals with animal diseases surveillance, and together with diseases control and public health desks, they synergize to prevent animal disease outbreaks occurrence, and respond to them when they occur. During the 2013-2014 FY, epidemio-surveillance activities were focused on trans-boundary animal diseases with notable economic impact surveillance and on zoonotic diseases as well as other diseases with impact on public health.
ANIMAL DISEASE DIAGNOSTICS
The Rubirizi National Veterinary Laboratory comprises six sections that offer diagnostic services in the areas of bacteriology, serology, virology, helminthology, protozoology and entomology and pathology. For all sections, staff carried out core services of testing submitted samples from livestock owners or those collected by laboratory staff during animal disease surveillance.
Bacterial isolation by culturing and identification by Gram-staining and biochemical characterization were performed. In addition, antibiotic sensitivity tests were carried out when necessary. Samples were either brought to the laboratory by farmers or they were collected by laboratory staff during disease surveillance campaigns.