ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND EXTENSION

Animal Resources Production and Extension Services The Animal Resources Production & Extension desk is under the supervision of the Head of Department of Animal resources in RAB. Its main service to the public is the provision of technical advice to prospective livestock entrepreneurs and extension services to farmers and industries in animal resources production.

1.    Objectives

The main objectives of Animal Resources Production & Extension Services:
Coordinating and facilitating demand articulation, planning, implementation and reporting on Projects and Programs for improve animal resources production
Participating in policy design, implementation and dissemination on matters relating to animal resources production
Establishing, updating and implementing capacity development programs for multiplication and management of improved animal resources production


2. Main interventions

The service is expected to deliver on the following: 

Promote the use of crop residues and agro industrial by – products in feeding livestock; Promote the establishment of intensive forage production by livestock farmers; Facilitate the provision of stock water in livestock producing arrears where water resources are scarce; Offer technical advice on the improvement of beef production systems aimed at higher production in quality and quantity. To provide technical support so as to facilitate improvements in the quality and quantity of dairy/animals and their products To provide technical support so as to facilitate improvements in the quality and quantity of small ruminants To provide technical advice relating to poultry, pigs and rabbit, and their products improvements in the quality and increase in quantity of non-ruminants (pigs, poultry and rabbits)

3. Achievements

The main achievements of this program are as follows: 1.Technical advice in animal nutritionMultiplication of forage seed  and distribution to the farmers.Training of farmers on simple method for mixing concentrate feed using local ingredients, Conservation of forage and Hay making.

         

a)Technical advice in dairy value chain
- Support to operationalization of dairy plant
- Training of farmers in milk hygiene

          

The milk subsector in Rwanda has made great progress after the genocide against Tusti in 1994. Many initiatives were undertaken by the government and the development partners as well as private investors and a cattle restocking has reached a satisfactory level. Milk production is expected to keep increasing as more animals are distributed and farming methods are improved. The investment required is for developing the milk chain that will facilitate milk collection, bulking, processing and marketing targeting the local and regional markets.

                                        

    b)   Technical advice in small stock management/ husbandry

       -Small stock management/husbandry
       -Training

   plan for scale farmers having 40 adult sheep or goats showing dimensions 

   

    

   c)   Facilitate the provision of stock water in livestock producing

-Support to distribute water in livestock producing areas

-Water tanks loan initiatives (asset-collateralized loans for water tanks to dairy farmers through a collaboration of farmers, MCCs, financial institutions, investors, milk companies and local government)

    

d)   Promote sustainable household food production improvement, essentially through the management of small scale livestock for eggs and meat

Under “Rwanda’s Comprehensive Strategy to Reduce Childhood Stunting Project” the Government of Rwanda has signed a grant agreement with Children Investment Funds Foundation (CIFF) to finance this project. As per the project, Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) is establishing a robust monitoring system (mobile phone and web based information system) whereby the agriculture promoters based in the community will report the project activities using SMS reporting system.

A successful implementation of this system will lead to the achievement of the main objectives:

          -          Ensure dietary diversity: this Information system will help RAB to manage household food  production & use and track improvements by providing an interface for data entry and reporting

         -          Tracking progress of household food production and use among the beneficiaries: the information system will allow management and reporting of indicators

e)   Guidance to start a livestock farm

Before embarking on livestock production a farmer should find answers for the following:

          -          What system of production to adopt?

          -          What breed to use?

          -          What type of housing given the system of production?

          -          Reliability and sufficiency of water supply?

          -          Feed acquisition. Will it be grown or bought?

         -          Market for the products. How much can be sold, when and at what price?

      The market will have a significant influence on the livestock production system.

      Remember, to start on a small scale before developing a large unit