Agriculture Mechanization is the use of powered machines/farm machinery in different farming activities or operations (land preparation, planting, crop protection, harvesting, post-harvesting and agro-processing).
The Mechanization activities are coordinated under the Mechanization Unit.
The missionof the Mechanization unit is to develop modern agriculture through increasing the access of farm machinery to the farming community.
Objectives of mechanization unit
To Promote appropriate mechanization options for farmers,
Increase access of farm machinery to the farming community,
Develop local skills and strengthen capacity in agricultural mechanization 
Activities Carried out by Mechanization Unit:                                           
 - Land preparation and planting by use of tractors and power tillers
 - Maintenance of farm machinery             
 - Training of farmers, technicians, Agronomists and Tractor operators in mechanization services                                    

– Privatization of farm machineries     

– And farm machinery demonstrations
The following pictures shows different mechanization activities by use of tractors, power tiller and harvester.
Current progress in hectares of land mechanized is 33,474.8Ha
Planned area to be mechanized in the fiscal year 2016/17 is 4000Ha

Among the different rain water harvesting technologies implemented include exsitu technologies such as runoff pond system with different capacities of 120m3, 250m3 & 480m3, ferrocement tanks (below and above ground standing tanks) with capacities of 25m3 and insitu technologies such as trenching system, relay system and planting pits (zai pits). The nature of land in most parts of Rwanda offers an opportunity where ground catchment is suitable to generate runoff to fill the water ponds constructed.

Different types of catchments targeted for rain water harvesting include road runoff (weather and tarmac road) and roof top system. The adopted modern greenhouse technologies have a water harvesting system installed in it.