With the support from Earmarked funds at district level, a total of 118 water ponds were built & 110 water pumps were distributed to farmers . Each water pond measuring 120 m3 was designed to cover 0.25 Ha of irrigated area and hence the corresponding area is 30 Ha (Photo 90). A water pump can irrigate 1Ha and more depending on availability of land which leads to 110 Ha to be irrigated.CAPACITY BUILDING
A total of 245 farmers were trained in water harvesting techniques and composting. Different approaches were used in capacity building activities that included group trainings and individual farm visits.
WATER USERS ORGANIZATION REGISTRATION (WUO)
Updates on legal texts (Ministerial order No 001/11.30 of 23/11/2011, WUOs bylaws and internal regulations) were harmonized by taking reference on the Law N° 04/2012 of 17/02/2012 relating to the organization and functioning of National Non-governmental organizations. A total of 40 WUOs have submitted registration requests to RGB; 23 WUOs are registered: 4 by MINIJUST, 19 by RGB. About 24 WUOs are still harmonizing their bylaws and internal regulations with the new Law.
IRRIGATION SCHEME OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT MODELS IN RWANDA: IMPLEMENTATION OF WUOS.
After many sessions and meetings on this topic, a consensus has been reached on the strategy for operating and maintaining irrigation-drainage infrastructure through better involvement, commitment and ownership by the beneficiary farmers via Water User’s Organizations (WUOs) and District Irrigation Steering Committees (DISCs). Government role in regular training of farmers on water management is to support them financially and to assist with monitoring & evaluation of the WUO’s activities for the seasonal and annual performance along with supervising contracts of Service Providers on behalf the whole farming community.
OTHER ACTIVITIES RELATED TO SOIL AND WATER MANAGEMENT
The RAB staff is involved in various and continuous development activities with other stakeholders under rural development cluster. They consist of, but not limited to:
Marshland assessment, boundaries delineation and correction in Southern Province (Ruhango-Nyanza-Nyamagabe-Nyaruguru-Muhanga-Huye-Gisagara) and Kigali City (Nyarugenge, Gasabo, Kicukiro). Under chair and leadership of MINIRENA /RNRA, the technical team has been working hard in the second quarter of this FY 2013-14 and faced a huge case load with all wetlands located within the seven districts of the Southern Province and three districts of Kigali City.
Due to the nature of terrain in most parts of Rwanda, it is apparent that more feasible technologies need to be introduced. Among the key systems introduced include hillside irrigation, as well as irrigation on flat areas and bottom valleys. Among the irrigation methods introduced include drip irrigation, gravity fed sprinklers and drag hose.
To ensure easy uptake and adoption of these technologies at farm level, Rwanda Agriculture Board is in a process of training technical staff that are well versed with these technologies and who acts as trainer of trainers in technical dissemination. Technical experts have been deployed to work with and through the community members in the irrigation sector.