The crop intensification program continues to be the main driver of crop production for ensuring food security and self-sufficiency. The program included land use consolidation, the proximity advisory services comprising improved seeds and inorganic fertilizers distribution and extension through farmer to farmer approach when different members of a given community worked on the principle of cooperatives or farmers groups to sit together and agree on what they were going to grow in the season.1. LAND USE CONSOLIDATION
Land consolidation was done in the season 2014A and covered 753,650 Ha distributed across major crops as follows: maize: 241,817 Ha, beans: 341,554.7, cassava 76,565 Ha, Irish potatoes: 67,857 Ha, wheat: 6,031 Ha, soy bean: 8,517.5 Ha, and rice: 8,291.3 Ha. During the season 2014B, about 609,634 Ha were covered by maize (86,206 Ha), beans (336,363 Ha), cassava (54,633 Ha), Irish potato (68,610 Ha), wheat (42,300 Ha), soy bean (12,291.1 Ha) and rice (9,217 Ha). A comparison of the consolidated land area for the production of different crops in season 2014A and B is presented.
2. FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTION
A new approach for fertilizer distribution was introduced in season 2014A where the process was fully privatized for both importation and distribution to farmers as a sustainable way to supply sufficient quantities of fertilizers at affordable cost and at the right time, with the overall goal of promoting strong private sector involvement in fertilizer distribution.
3. SEED DISTRIBUTION
The use of improved seeds is a prerequisite for increasing agriculture production. RAB availed different quantities of seeds and planting materials of maize, wheat, soy bean, sunflower, banana and cassava to the farmers (Table 57). High yielding maize seeds were distributed to farmers in larger quantities compared to other crops. Part of the supplies was produced locally and the other obtained from the private Seeds Company such as Murphy chemicals, Seedco Rwanda and Kenya Seed Company.
4. BANANA PRODUCTION
The extension efforts were directed to increasing banana productivity through increasing acreages under cooking and dessert banana through new plantings of improved, disease resistant and high
yielding varieties. They focused also on rehabilitation of existing banana plantation as well as on controlling Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW). During the fiscal year 2013-2014, the increase of area under banana production was made through RAB provisions of new planting material in form of conventional suckers or macro-propagated plantlets derived from local farmer-based seed production fields or macro-propagation units throughout the country.
5. RICE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING
In the country, rice is produced in different agro-ecological zones though it is most suitable to the middle altitude (1350-1500m), with a huge variation of microclimates due to elevated and slopping hills. An irrigated system is predominant in all rice schemes. During the reporting year, RAB increased the area of marshlands under rice farming and provided information on production and market prices of rice.
4. C-RATDC ACHIEVEMENTS
The China-Rwanda Agriculture Technology Demonstration Center (C-RATDC) has been created to foster knowledge transfer and technology dissemination from China to Rwandan farmers in the areas of mushroom cultivation, rice production, sericulture and soil and water management systems.
The China-Rwanda Agriculture Technology Demonstration Center (C-RATDC) has different demonstration models on mushroom cultivation: triangle mushroom shed, flat-topped mushroom shed, grass ecological mushroom shed, mulberry fields inter planting and indoor cultivation.