The National Artificial Insemination Center (NAIC) Division is responsible for (i) ensuring the availability of quality and genetically superior cattle breeding germplasm (e.g. semen), (ii) management and replacement of the bull stud to improve genetics and maintain cattle genetic diversity; (iii) carry out bovine semen collection and processing; (iv) Liquid Nitrogen production and facilitating the availability of other AI inputs; (v) capacity building of stakeholders on artificial insemination, cattle reproductive management (e.g. pregnancy diagnosis) and AI inputs handling (especially, Liquid Nitrogen); (vi) facilitating and supervising the cattle artificial insemination across the country; and (vii) Cattle record keeping.
- Bulls management
- Semen production and processing
- Semen quality control
- Herd book (data recording)
- Capacity building
The contribution of national artificial insemination program in dairy cattle genetic improvement and production is very obvious. Only, since 2010 till 2019 around 788,770 bovine semen doses have been produced; around 709,467 cows have been artificially inseminated and around 272,838 calves born on artificial insemination have been recorded. As part of the capacity building of stakeholders, around 1,200 Technicians (public and privates) have been trained on AI, qualified as inseminators and equipped to provide the service of bovine artificial insemination across the Country.
To be able to achieve her responsibilities, on behalf of RAB, NAIC division team collaborate with National and International institutions to implement cattle genetic improvement activities in different projects. Key institutions include but not limited to: Send a Cow Rwanda (SACR), Heifer International Rwanda (HIR), Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticulture Society (RJAHS), International Fund for Agriculture Development, through RDDP project, Rwanda Council of Veterinary Doctors (RCVD), Bothar, MSAADA, etc